The year 2017 is dedicated to combating depression.Depression affects people of all ages, from all walks of life, in all countries. It causes mental anguish and affects people’s ability to perform everyday tasks. At its worst, depression can lead to suicide, which is the second leading cause of death for people ages 15-29, the WHO reports. “Starting Oct. 10, 2016, the overall goal of World Mental Health Day is for all people suffering from depression in all countries to seek and receive help. More specifically, we want to inform the general public about depression, its causes and possible consequences, including suicide, as well as what kinds of help are available to prevent and treat depression. We want people with depression n
ot to be afraid to seek help, and their family, friends and colleagues to be able to support them,” the WHO website says. Some people are prescribed: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/adepsique.
The WHO decided to focus on three groups who are particularly at risk: adolescents and young people, women of childbearing age (especially after childbirth) and the elderly (over 60 years).
According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), depression and anxiety disorders cost the world $1 trillion annually. At the same time, every dollar invested in the fight against these diseases will bring $4 to any economy because of improved health and productivity of the population, says the WHO study.
Depression is a disease characterized by a persistent state of despondency and loss of interest in activities that are normally satisfying, as well as the inability to do daily activities for at least two weeks. In addition, people suffering from depression usually have some of the following symptoms: lack of energy, reduced appetite, drowsiness or insomnia, anxiety, reduced concentration, indecisiveness, anxiety, feelings of worthlessness, guilt or despair, and thoughts of self-harm or suicide.
Depression (from Latin deprimo – “to crush”, “suppress”) – a mental disorder characterized by the “depressive triad”: a decrease in mood and loss of the ability to experience joy (anhedonia), thinking disorders (negative judgments, pessimistic view of what is happening and so on), motor retardation. With depression, there is a decrease in self-esteem and a loss of interest in life and habitual activities. In some cases, the person suffering from it may begin to abuse alcohol or other psychotropic substances.
It is a type of affective disorder (mood disorders). Depression can be treated, but nowadays it is depression that is the most common mental disorder. One in ten people over the age of 40 suffers from it, and two thirds of them are women. Depression is three times more common among persons over 65 years of age. About 5 percent of children and adolescents between the ages of 10 and 16 are also affected by depression and depressive states. According to the World Health Organization, depression is the leading cause of adolescent morbidity and disability. The general prevalence of depression (all varieties) in adolescence ranges from 15% to 40%. Many papers emphasize that a higher prevalence of affective disorders at this age corresponds to a higher suicide rate.
Many people believe that depression is a disease that has only become so widespread and socially important in our time, and was not known before. But this is not true: depression has been known to physicians since antiquity. Even the famous ancient Greek physician Hippocrates described in detail under the name “melancholy” conditions very similar to our today’s definition of depression, and even recommended treatment within the possibilities of ancient medicine.
Hippocratic treatment of depression included tincture of opium, warm enemas (Hippocrates noticed that severe depression is often accompanied by constipation and valued this), psychological support (he recommended “encouraging and cheering up”), taking a long warm bath, massages, and drinking mineral water from a famous Crete spring (which later turned out to contain a lot of bromine, magnesium and lithium ions, so it could really help with depression).
Hippocrates also noticed the dependence of many depressive patients on the weather and the time of year, the seasonal periodicity of depression in many patients, the improvement in the condition of some patients after a sleepless night. Thus, he was close to discovering the therapeutic effect of sleep deprivation and sunlight (phototherapy), although he did not make this discovery.