Types of diabetes mellitus


Dr. Denis SlinkinThere are two types of diabetes mellitus - insulin dependent and insulin-independent. Previously, these diseases were called diabetes of types I and II. They have huge differences in both the nature of the disease and the treatment methods, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.

Suffice it to say that type II diabetes usually (except for neglected cases) does not require constant insulin administration, while the insulin-dependent form of diabetes requires constant control of blood sugar levels and insulin administration to correct it. This is explained by the fact that this type of diabetes of the pancreas does not produce, or produces very little of its own insulin and the body to maintain proper metabolism needs to help - inject additional artificial insulin, and constantly.

In the insulin-independent type of diabetes, the pancreas works normally or even with increased load, releasing the necessary hormone. In all "guilty" cells of the body that do not respond to the action of their own insulin and do not reduce blood sugar.  Dr. Denis Slinkin says that the treatment of the patient consists of taking sugar reducing agents, and in most cases is limited to a correctly selected diet and exercise.

Dr. Denis SlinkinBased on the above, our main task is to make the right diagnosis, because this will depend on the treatment and the whole life of the patient.The difference between the two types of diabetes is also that the first or insulin type of diabetes develops usually at a very young, adolescent, early childhood or is already congenital, hereditary disease, while the insulin-independent type of diabetes is a "bait" disease, mainly resulting from excessive consumption of sugar, metabolic disorders, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.


Insulin-dependent (INSD) and insulin-independent (INSD) diabetes mellitus have different causes. The insulin-dependent type of diabetes has another name, juvenile diabetes. Although the name is not scientific, it very clearly characterizes the nature of the disease. It is at a young age (from 0 to 17-19 years) a person has this disease. And it occurs abruptly, unexpectedly, most often with severe symptoms, usually after a severe viral infection or serious stress.

This type of insulin diabetes is produced, albeit in small amounts, so insulin-independent diabetes mellitus (INSD) develops gradually. The body slowly loses sensitivity to insulin, which it lacks, and the pancreas takes it as an order to action and begins to produce more insulin. It works with increasing force and soon exhausts all its reserves. The result is a real insulin deficiency, which increases the blood sugar content and develops diabetes.





!